Why are the Taliban closing the border again and again?

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The Taliban captured the border town of Spin Boldak in Pakistan’s Balochistan Province’s Chaman District on Wednesday (July 14th), leaving the border closed for a day.
The next day, Thursday, July 15, the border was restored for Amdroft. Meanwhile, due to Corona, Pakistani authorities had set a two-hour deadline for Amdroft on the border. The Taliban August 6 closed the Bab Dosti border crossing by erecting large cement blocks and other barriers for not extending the time and not allowing Afghans to enter Pakistan.
The Taliban offered five conditions for opening the border, of which Pakistan agreed to only two, eight hours a day, and to allow residents of the Afghan border district of Spin Boldak to enter Pakistan, and the border was reopened a week later. ۔
On September 30, the Taliban closed the border again after bitter rhetoric with Pakistani forces stationed on the border, but the next day, October 1, Amdroft resumed on the border. On Tuesday, the Taliban closed the border for the third time in two months.
According to Noor Zaman Achakzai, a local journalist and analyst in Chaman, the Taliban want Afghan citizens, especially residents of Spin Boldak, to be allowed to enter Pakistan without hindrance on the basis of the Afghan identity card ‘Tazkira’, while posing security threats to Pakistan. It is a difficult decision to continue illegal transport, so Pakistan has imposed strict conditions for entry by preventing the illegal entry of Afghan citizens, which has affected not only Afghans but also Pakistanis. Are
Chaman and Torkham are two major border crossings on the 2,600-kilometer border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, which normally handle thousands of Pakistanis and Afghans daily.
Passports and visas were made mandatory for Amdroft on the Torkham border in 2016, but the Pakistani government has so far failed to ensure the application of passports and visas on the Chaman border.
According to official figures, before the current new conditions, about 25,000 to 30,000 Pakistanis and Afghans used to cross the Chaman border daily without passports or visas. Similarly, about 10,000 to 12,000 traders from the Pakistani border areas of Chaman and Qila Abdullah used to go to the Afghan border town of Spin Boldak in the morning and evening for business.
After the Taliban took control of Kabul, large numbers of Afghans began arriving in Pakistan in the last days of August, when Pakistani security personnel stationed on the border tightened the conditions for entry into Pakistan.
According to Chaman journalist and analyst Noor Zaman Achakzai, for the past one month, even Pakistanis who do not have the address of the border district of Chaman on their identity cards have not been allowed to enter Pakistan, leaving thousands of Pakistanis stranded in Afghanistan. Have happened
Khan Mohammad, a Pakistani national stranded in Spain Boldak, said residents of the Afghan border district were not being allowed to return to their homeland, let alone Pakistanis. He said they had been stranded in Spain Boldak for three weeks but As Quetta’s address is listed on the identity card, Pakistani officials send him back to Afghanistan from Bab Dosti Gate.
According to border officials, the average number of people entering Pakistan from Afghanistan via Chaman has dropped several times a day due to these hardships.
Journalist Noor Zaman Achakzai told Urdu News that since a large number of Afghan refugees live in Pakistan. In addition, large numbers of Afghans depend on Pakistan for business, education and medical care. Therefore, there is a lot of internal pressure on the Taliban not to accept Pakistan’s strict conditions for Amdroft on the border.
According to him, the Taliban want an agreement with the former Afghan government to allow residents of the border district of Spin Boldak, as well as Afghans whose relatives live in Pakistan or receive medical treatment, to enter Pakistan. I want to go to Pakistan.
Balochistan Interior Minister Ziaullah Langu has said the government will not allow Afghans to enter Pakistan illegally and steps are being taken to legalize the joint border crossing Amdroft after the fence is erected.On the other hand, local Taliban officials in Boldak, Spain, say that the Taliban leader and the governor of Kandahar have approached Pakistani officials several times to resolve the issue, but despite assurances, Pakistan is not living up to its promises. This border will remain closed. It is noteworthy that last month, the Afghan Taliban closed the Torkham border in protest of not allowing Afghans with visas to enter Pakistan.

The closure of the border has disrupted trade activities on foot as well as on Amdroft, and queues of vehicles loaded with fruits, vegetables and merchandise have formed on both sides of the border. Muhammad Hashim, newly elected president of the Chaman Chamber of Commerce, told Urdu News that the daily closure and uncertainty of the Pak-Afghan border has affected more traders than ever before. ۔ Traders trading in fresh fruits and vegetables lose crores of rupees every time.

According to Sher Ali, general secretary of Balochistan National Fruit and Vegetable Commission Agents, more than half of the vegetables grown in Balochistan are sent to Afghanistan or Iran. Most of the fresh fruits and vegetables are also brought to Pakistan from Afghanistan. Onions, grapes and pomegranates are coming from Afghanistan these days. There is no cold storage on either side of the border, so when the border suddenly closes, fresh fruit and vegetables loaded in vehicles spoil and prices fall in the local market, leaving farmers and fruit and vegetable market traders stranded. The damage is done.

Badruddin Kakar, a former senior vice president of the Quetta Chamber of Commerce who trades with Afghanistan, says the former Afghan government’s relations with Pakistan were strained, so he did not encourage trade with Pakistan. It did not provide facilities to traders on the border. In this situation, the volume of Pakistan’s trade with Afghanistan fell from 3 3 billion to 78 780 million.

According to Badruddin Kakar, there has been a financial and economic crisis since the arrival of the new Afghan government. Balochistan was already affected by the effects of this crisis.

He said that due to the uncertainty of the Chaman border, most of the trade is now on the Torkham border, which has hurt the economy of Balochistan.

President of Chaman Chamber of Commerce Muhammad Hashim said that these issues will continue till there is regular border management between the two countries. Pakistan had recently abolished 17% sales tax on pulses imported from Afghanistan. It was a good move, but the Taliban government in Afghanistan has not been able to restore order. More than a thousand traders’ vehicles have been parked in Afghanistan for two and a half months.

We demand that security issues be resolved mutually, and that a joint committee consisting of representatives of the two countries’ officials, traders, customs and relevant agencies be formed on the Iranian border to promote trade. Solve

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